The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was established on February 12, 1909. The organization’s mission is to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination.
It was originally called the National Negro Committee. The NAACP played a very important role in the civil rights movement. The NAACP was such a powerful organization that in 1946 they won the Morgan vs. Virginia case where the Supreme Court banned states from having segregated sections on busses and trains that crossed through out the states and borders. Then in 1950, head of the NAACP legal department, Thurgood Marshall won his case in the Supreme Court when he asked for all state universities to provide equal facilities for students of all nationalities.
The NAACP has had quite a few members who are very well known today in history. One of the many is Rosa Parks, a black woman who refused to give up her seat in 1955 to a white man on a segregated bus in Montgomery Alabama. Her decision to not give up her seat began the Montgomery bus boycott which had 17,000 followers. This bus boycott was organized by Martin Luther King.
Today the NAACP is still one of thee largest supported organization groups ever since 1909.